|Degree Code:||I15||Degree Name:||BACHELOR OF SCIENCE IN PETROLEUM GEOSCIENCE|
|Degree Description:||Click to View|
Following the recent discovery of oil and gas in Kenya and beyond, and in cognizant of the strategic direction the country has taken as outlined in the Vision 2030, the Bachelor of Petroleum Geoscience course is part of a set of academic programs at the School of Physical Sciences that has been motivated by the following needs at the National level:
The Department of Geology will offer the new undergraduate program for the B.Sc. degree in Petroleum Geoscience based on the course unit system. The program in Petroleum Geoscience will focus on modern natural resource industries, which will not only involve the exploration phase, but also their development and management practices. This program aims to offer a coherent understanding of the areas of science that relate to the earth’s petroleum resources including their nature, origin, distribution, discovery and exploitation. The course is designed to impart practical knowledge and the ability to understand the geological and technological complexity of the petroleum systems. The practical training and hands-on experience will be achieved through partnerships and collaborations between the Department and the players in the petroleum industry. Students who specialize in Petroleum Geoscience will be required to enroll for appropriate pre-selected courses in Chemistry, Mathematics and Physics in their 1st and 2nd year of their study in this program.
|Further Information||View Details|
First Class Honours 70-100%
Second Class (Upper Division) 60-69%
Second Class (Lower Division) 50-59%
d. A candidate who:
shall be eligible for a pass degree only.
e. A candidate who satisfies the examiners in all examinations for all parts shall, on the recommendation of the board of examiners and approval of the senate, be awarded the degree of Bachelor of Science in Petroleum Geoscience (BSc (Petroleum Geoscience)).
|Examinations Regulations||View Details|
For units which a candidate sits supplementary examinations, the marking shall be out of 100% but the continuous assessment marks shall not be considered. Any score exceeding 40% shall be indicated as 40%, whereas any score less than 40% shall be left as such.
A candidate who, after sitting a supplementary examination in the first or second year, passes in less than eleven units shall be required to repeat the year subject to 8 (d)
A candidate who, after sitting a supplementary examination in the third or fourth year, passes in less than ten units shall be required to repeat the year subject to (Vii)(d)
d. A candidate shall be allowed to repeat a year of study ONLY ONCE.
9. A candidate shall, on the recommendation of the School Board of examiners and approval by Senate, be allowed to repeat the year of study;
Subject to the following conditions:
10. A candidate shall be required to discontinue from the University if;
b. The candidate fails to follow the prescribed units.
BSc Petroleum Geoscience (Kenyan Students)
BSc Petroleum Geoscience (Foreign Students)
|Module II Entry Requirements||View Details|
|Level : 1|
|Semester: Non Specified|
|Course Code||Course Name||Course Hours|
|SGL 101||Materials Of The Earth||45||View Description|
Materials Of The Earth Description
Origin and composition of the earth. Distribution of chemical elements and isotopes. Principles of elementary mineralogy and crystallography. Common rock-forming and economic minerals. Nature and classification of common igneous, sedimentary and metamorphic rocks. Minerals and energy resources exploitation, their use and environmental impact. Principles of elementary Stratigraphy. Four one-day field visits in different geological terrains.
|SGL 102||Earth Processes||45||View Description|
Earth Processes Description
Energy and forces in the earth’s interior. Weathering and erosion. Geological aspects of rivers, glaciers, wind, underground water currents and waves in the seas. Thermal gradient, heat flow and convection currents in the earth. Earth’s magnetism and gravity. Plate tectonics. Continental and oceanic crusts. Mountain buildings and orogenesis. Common tectonic and structural features. Elementary geological maps. Earthquakes, Volcanism, Igneous intrusion. Metamorphism and granitization. Four (4) one-day field excursion visits to familiarize with occurrences of the aforementioned geological features and processes.
|SMA 101||Basic Mathematics||45||View Description|
Basic Mathematics Description
Sets, Elementary logic, number systems, complex numbers, relations and functions, elementary functions and their graphs, permutations, combinations, trigonometry.
|SMA103||Calculus I||45||View Description|
Calculus I Description
Limits and continuity of functions; Differentiation of functions of a single variable; Parametric and implicit differentiation; Anti derivatives and applications to areas.
|SMA 104||Calculus Ii||45||View Description|
Calculus Ii Description
Applications of differentiation; Taylor’s theorem; Mean value theorems of differential calculus; Methods of integration; Applications of integration.
|SCH 101||General Inorganic Chemistry||45||View Description|
General Inorganic Chemistry Description
Radiation: properties and applications. Electron configuration of atoms, quantum-numbers, orbital shapes, atomic structure and atomic spectra of hydrogen and hydrogen –like atoms, periodic table, covalent and ionic bonding, introduction to types of inorganic solids, symmetry and shapes of simple molecules. The molecular orbital theory: The valence bond and valence shell electron pair repulsion models. Hybridization of atomic orbitals. Demonstrations using computer models.
|SCH 102||Introduction To Organic Chemistry Of Alkanes And Cycloakenes||45||View Description|
Introduction To Organic Chemistry Of Alkanes And Cycloakenes Description
Carbon in the periodic table. Review of bonding in carbon compounds-atomic orbitals, molecular orbitals, covalent bond and hybridization. Intermolecular forces. Nomenclature, isomerism in alkanes, conformational isomers, occurrence, uses, reactions (Homolysis of bonds) and environmental impacts of alkanes. Cycloalkanes: nomenclature, and conformational analysis. Overview of organic reaction types (addition, substitution, elimination and rearrangement). Basic concepts of organic reaction mechanisms: Cleavage of bonds (Homolysis and heterolysis), bond polarity. Introduction to stereochemistry: Optical isomers (stereoisomerism and enantiomerism).
Practicals: Determination of melting and boiling points, functional group tests and illustration of functional group interconversion.
|SCH 103||General Physical Chemistry||45||View Description|
General Physical Chemistry Description
Gaseous state: Kinetic theory of gases, general equation of state, and gas laws. Specific heat capacity; determination of molar masses. Gas-liquid equilibrium, molarity, molality and colligative properties. Raoult's law and Henry's law. Chemical equilibrium: Equilibrium constant and solubility product principle. Acids, bases and their salts; indicators., pH scale; ionic product of water. Introduction to chemical kinetics.
Practicals: Physical properties of pure substances, titration of acids and bases, volumetric analysis, freezing point depression and elevation of the boiling point of water.
|SPH 103||Waves And Optics||45||View Description|
Waves And Optics Description
Description of wave motion. The general equation of wave motion. Elastic waves in a solid rod and in a spring. Pressure waves in a gas column. Transverse waves in a string. Transverse elastic waves in a bar. Waves in 2-Dimensions: Wavefronts. Reflection of waves, refraction of waves. Surface waves in a liquid. Reflection and transmission of transverse waves at interface. Group velocity. Sound waves: Pressure waves in a gas column, standing longitudinal elastic waves, vibrating systems and sources of sound. Beats, the Doppler effect, acoustics. Fermat’s principle and its applications Aplanatic points and aplanatic surfaces: for reflection, refraction. Application of aplanatic points of a spherical surface. Reflection at a spherical surface of mirror, lens. Optic instruments. The prism: dispersion. Lens aberrations.
|CCS 001||Communication Skills||45||View Description|
Communication Skills Description
The communication process; approach to the study of communication: Theories and models; reading skills and efficiency; information retrieval and library use; listening skills and lecture comprehensive strategies; writing skills: Direction words, paragraphs and punctuations; resumes, and reports. Oral presentation and public address; information dissemination techniques; evidence in argumentation; bibliography and referencing techniques; communication technology; visual literacy.
|CCS 009||Elements Of Economics||45||View Description|
Elements Of Economics Description
The subject of economics and its importance; introduction to supply and demand; concept of elasticity and its application; consumer behaviour; economics of production and the concept of diminishing marginal returns; discounting and compounding procedures; price and output under pure and imperfect competition; public goods and the role of government; welfare economics; project planning and evaluation and cost-benefit analysis; national income and product accounts; money, banking and public finance; international trade; economic growth, development and employment; international aid and national debt; basic accounting procedures and principles.
|CCS 010||Hiv/aids||45||View Description|
Introduction, sex and sexuality, communicable disease; HIV and AIDS; epidemiology; prevention and control of HIV and related infections; legal and ethical issues in HIV/AIDS as a national disaster; recent advances and challenges in HIV/AIDS
|Level : 2|
|Semester: Non Specified|
|Course Code||Course Name||Course Hours|
|SPG 201||Mineralogy And Crystallography||45||View Description|
Mineralogy And Crystallography Description
Descriptive mineralogy – structure and classification of silicate and non-silicate minerals; Physical mineralogy - physical properties of minerals; Chemical mineralogy: types of bonding in minerals (metallic, covalent, ionic and Van der Waals), solid solution, exosolution, isomorphism, polymorphism and pseudomorphism in minerals; Optical mineralogy - Ordinary and polarized light, refractive index, critical angle and total internal reflection. Polarization by reflection, absorption, refraction, double refraction, construction of Nicol prisms. Birefringence, isotropic and anisotropic substances, uniaxial and biaxial minerals, optic sign, relief, pleochroism, pleochroic haloes, alteration, zoning. Elements of crystallography, Contact Goniometer, law of constancy of interfacial angles; Classification of crystals into systems and classes; Crystallographic axes and notation/indices; Twinning; Stereographic projection - basic concept and projection of isometric system normal class (form and symmetry). Labs: identification of common minerals in hand specimen; techniques used in determination of mineral and crystal properties in hand specimen – e.g. form, habit, cleavage, fracture, colour, luster, streak, hardness, specific gravity, piezo electricity and pyroelectricity; Petrological microscope parts and functions; Optical accessories - mica plate, gypsum plate and quartz wedge. Instrumental determinative techniques (x-ray diffraction, petrographic microscope).
|SPG 202||Introduction To Petroleum Geology||45||View Description|
Introduction To Petroleum Geology Description
The origin of petroleum including fundamental processes of organic deposition, thermal maturation, migration of fluids. Formation of the different types of traps for reservoir petroleum; Exploration strategies and the role of the geologist; Techniques for remotely determining rock properties including wireline logging and geophysical (seismic, gravity and aeromagnetic) surveys; Oil and the Environment: Oil pollution, Air Pollution, The Greenhouse effect associated with petroleum.
|SGP 203||Introduction To Palaeontology||45||View Description|
Introduction To Palaeontology Description
Origin of life; the fossil record and evolution. Classification of organisms. Preservation of fossils. Fossils in stratigraphical dating and correlation. Fossils as environmental indicators. Outstanding events in the evolution of living things. Morphological study of representative genera of corals, echinoderms, brachiopoids, molluses and foraminifers; their evolution and aspects of habit in geological time. Brief reference to graptolites, tribolites, and plants; important microfossils for hydrocarbon exploration: foraminifera, calcareous nannofossils, and palynomorphs.
|SPG 204||Sedimentology||45||View Description|
Sedimentary processes; Textural properties; Pore Morphology and its significance; Sedimentary structures; Important rock groups; Reconstruction of sedimentary Environment; Tectonics, sedimentation and sequence stratigraphy; Role of sedimentology in petroleum exploration;. Sedimentary basins origin and classification; Types of basins and their relationship to hydrocarbon prospects; Basin location and Crustal evolutions of sedimentary basins; Geosynclinal Basins, plate tectonic theories, tectonic framework and classification of Phanerozoic sedimentary basins. Determine the depositional environments as well as conduct facies analysis and come up with facies associations that can be extrapolated to generate the paleogeographical evolution of a basin.
|SGP 205||Fundamentals Of Computing||45||View Description|
Fundamentals Of Computing Description
Introduction to Computers; Definition, nature and function of computer; Historical background. Hardware devices; CPU; main memory; secondary memory (storage); input and output devices. Software; definition; algorithms; operating systems; programming languages; application software. Introduction to computer programming: Number system; Data types and structures; numbers, characters, strings, graphics, sounds and others. Information storage; Records and files, tabulation and other methods of information organization. Information processing; access, summation and sorting. Processing errors; rounding, truncation and cancelling errors. Introduction to Computer networks. Internet; emails; searching and browsing. Geoscience secondary data sources. Data handling,
|SPG 206||Probability And Statistics For Geoscientific Applications||45||View Description|
Probability And Statistics For Geoscientific Applications Description
Introduction to different classes of geoscientific and geotechnical data and statistics. Introduction to statistics and data distribution; measures of variations and central tendencies. Probability; concepts; rules and theories; methods hypothesis of interrential method: error types; risk; and probability concept. Non-probabilistic model geostatistics; regression; factor, trend surface, discriminant, filtering and clustering analysis models. Grade and tonnage relationships for ore deposits. Computer application based on geostatistical models. Computer programming in Fortran, C++ and MATLAB.
|SMA 201||Advanced Calculus||45||View Description|
Advanced Calculus Description
Improper Integrals and their convergence; Mean value theorem of integral calculus; Functions of several variables and their applications; Center of masses and moments of inertia; Differential and integral calculus of functions of several variables (Taylor’s theorem, minimum and maximum points); Lagrange’s multipliers
|SMA 203||Linear Algebra I||45||View Description|
Linear Algebra I Description
Vector spaces over R. Vector subspaces. Linear independence. Basis and dimension. Linear transformations and their matrices. Systems of linear equations.
|SMA 204||Linear Algebra Ii||45||View Description|
Linear Algebra Ii Description
Determinants. Minimal polynomials. Eigenvalues and Eigenvectors. Linear functionals. Bilinear and quadratic forms. Orthogonal matrices and operators.
|SCH 202||The Chemistry Of Alkyl Halides, Alcohols, Ethers Alkenes Alkynes And Aromatic Compounds||45||View Description|
The Chemistry Of Alkyl Halides, Alcohols, Ethers Alkenes Alkynes And Aromatic Compounds Description
Study of the structure, nomenclature, occurrence, synthesis and reactions of alkyl halides, alcohols, ethers, alkenes and alkynes, bonding in isolated, cumulated and conjugated dienes. Stress on mechanisms; addition (Electrophilic), substitution (SN1 and SN2, solvent effects), elimination (E1 and E2). Aromatic compounds: Benzene structure and aromaticity. Nomenclature, occurrence, uses, preparations and reactions of aromatic compounds (Electrophilic and nucleophilic aromatic substitution). Polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons and fullerenes.
Practicals: Determination, classification and preparation of organic halides; chemical separation of mixtures, addition reactions and identification and synthesis of liquid benzoid.
|SCH 203||Thermodynamics I And Thermochemistry||45||View Description|
Thermodynamics I And Thermochemistry Description
First law of thermodynamics: Work, heat and energy; compression and expansion; free expansion, expansion against pressure; reversible expansion, heat and heat capacity; enthalpy. Internal energy; constant volume process; constant pressure process; the temperature dependence of internal energy and enthalpy; Joule-Thomson effect; reversible and irreversible adiabatic expansion. Thermochemistry: Various reaction enthalpies; Hess's law; the relationship between enthalpy and internal energy; calorimetric measurement of enthalpy and internal energy. Bond and resonance energies, various enthalpies due to physical and chemical change, and ions in solution.
|SPH 202||Electricity And Magnetism Ii||45||View Description|
Electricity And Magnetism Ii Description
Gauss’s law and applications. Dielectrics. Magnetics. Magnetic field and forces. Circulating charges. Electromagnetic induction. A.C. Theory. Filters. Transients. Transmission lines. Electric and Magnetic vectors. Lorentz force. Energy of the Electric and magnetic fields. The magnetizing field. Magnetic susceptibility and permeability.
|SPH 203||Structure And Properties Of Matter||45||View Description|
Structure And Properties Of Matter Description
The Atom and molecule (models). Atomic and molecular bonding. Phases of matter. Concepts of pressure, volume and temperature. Phase transitions. Metals and non-metals. Alloys and composites. Elasticity Strain, stress and work. Deformation, Fracture and oxidation. Introduction to X-ray crystallography and spectroscopy. Surface tension. Equation of state and internal energy. Kinetic theory of ideal gases. Vapour pressure. Many-particle systems. Equilibrium. Macroscopic description of systems. Extensive and intensive variables. Temperature and the Zeroth law of thermodynamics. Reversible, irreversible, quasistatic and adiabatic processes. Thermal Radiation and the origin of Quantum Theory. Bohr’s atomic model. Franz-Hertz experiment, particle wave duality. Davison-Germer experiment. Wave mechanics and Schroedinger’s equation. Ehrenfest Theorem. Basic postulates. Eigen functions and Eigen value. Correspondence principle. Degeneracy.
|Level : 3|
|Semester: Non Specified|
|Course Code||Course Name||Course Hours|
|SPG 301||Igneous And Metamorphic Petrology||45||View Description|
Igneous And Metamorphic Petrology Description
Mineralogy (mineral chemistry, classification and structure); minimum optical mineralogy and crystallography required to use the petrographic microscope; Petrography, mineralogy, classification of igneous and metamorphic rocks; Introduction to methods of rock and mineral analysis (XRD, XRF, electron microprobe).
|SPG 302||Applied Palaeontology And Palynology||45||View Description|
Applied Palaeontology And Palynology Description
Introduction to micropalaeontology; Collection and separation of microfossils from matrix; Preservation of out crop samples and well cuttings; Definition of palynology; Advantages and limitations of palynological studies; Collection, separation, and preservation of palynomorphs in outcrop samples and well cuttings; Applications of palynofossils: Dating of sediments, correlation of marine and terrestrial sediments, sequence biostratigraphy, paleoenvironment, paleoclimate reconstructions and source rock evaluation studies.
Practicals: Microscopic examination of thin sections of typical microfossils; thin films of spore and pollen.
|SPG 303||Sequence Stratigraphy||45||View Description|
Sequence Stratigraphy Description
The different stages of the cycle (High stand to low stand), the diagnostic features of the different levels of the cycle and their implications to hydrocarbon production; Development and practice of basic principles of stratigraphy; Uniformitarianism or Actualism; Establishing the sequence of events; Time in stratigraphy; Interpreting the stratigraphical record; Stratigraphical record and global Rhythm; Seismic Stratigraphy; The evolution and closure of sedimentary basins; Lithostratigraphic, biostratigraphic units, sequence stratigraphy and time correlation; basic principles of facies analysis.
Practicals: Integration of sequence stratigraphy and paleobiology by combining fieldwork, computer modeling and multivariate statistics for different projects, e.g., Effects of sea-level change on shallow marine biota.
|SPG 304||Structural Geology And Rock Mechanics||45||View Description|
Structural Geology And Rock Mechanics Description
Rock deformation; styles of deformation structures, faults, folds and distributed distortional strain and their analysis; 3D Structural analysis using stereographic projections; Simple kinematic approaches, relationship of deformation structures to tectonics and their importance for the structure of the crust and its sedimentary basins.
Practicals: - Introduction to the structural interpretation of seismic data; Cross-section construction, Interpretation of the surface geology of regions using geological maps and landforms using satellite and other remote sensing data.
|SPG 305||Global Tectonics And Sedimentary Basins||45||View Description|
Global Tectonics And Sedimentary Basins Description
Principle tectonic components of the earth; Sediment accumulation; crustal structure, orogeny, rock assemblages and seismicity of the earth; Plate Margins; Orogens; Archaean, Proterozoic and Phanerozoic plate motions; Plumes and hotspots; Palaeogeography; Carbonate; Evaporites and other chemical sediments, Sedimentary processes; Sedimentary logging and depositional environments.
|SPG 306||The Geology Of Petroleum||45||View Description|
The Geology Of Petroleum Description
Indicators of palaeogeography, palaeoenvironments; provenance, and the use of space-time diagrams; Application of biostratigraphic techniques in basin exploration; Application of petroleum geochemistry in basin exploration; Gas hydrates: global distribution, stability; occurrence in geological history; Natural gas: origins, analysis of gases to determine origin; hydrogen springs; Shale gas/coal bed methane: Potential distribution of shale gas; prediction and detection of shale gas; coal bed methane; Hydrocarbons in basement rocks: Occurrence, commercial prospects; possibility of abiogenic hydrocarbons; Tar sands, oil shale and massive bitumen: Global distribution of tar sands, their formation and prospectivity; massive bitumen deposits; oil shales; Thermal history techniques, including fission track analysis, fluid inclusion analysis, biomarker analysis.
|SPG 307||Reservoir Characterization||45||View Description|
Reservoir Characterization Description
Characteristics of Reservoir rocks – classification and nomenclature: Clastic Reservoir Rocks, Carbonate Reservoir Rocks, unconventional, fractured and miscellaneous reservoir rocks. Marine and non-marine reservoir rocks. Reservoir pore space - porosity – primary and secondary porosity, Effective porosity, fracture porosity - permeability – effective and relative permeability - Effects of diagenesis on reservoir quality, reservoir continuity- Relationship between porosity, permeability and texture. Classification and origin of pore space – Recrystallisation – Dolomitization phenomenon – Cementation and compaction – Artificial or man made porosity and permeability. Cap rocks: Definition and characteristics of ‘cap rocks’. The Petroleum system; Evolving hydrocarbon fluids: compositional/physical changes; Role of Secondary porosity; Migration Styles, Fluid Flow Concepts.
|SPG 308||Traps And Seals Of Hydrocarbon Reservoirs||45||View Description|
Traps And Seals Of Hydrocarbon Reservoirs Description
Mechanics of entrapment of hydrocarbons - Traps in the path of migration, entrapment and accumulation of hydrocarbons - Classification and types of traps: Structural, stratigraphic and combination type of traps- Genesis of various types of Traps – The anticlinal theory – traps caused by folding – Traps caused by faulting – Traps caused by fracturing. Primary Stratigraphic Traps – Lenses and facies in chemical rocks – Porous carbonate facies – Organic reefs – Modern reefs – Fossil reefs – Productive reefs – Secondary stratigraphic traps – Salt domes – Origin of salt domes – Traps associated with salt domes. Creation of seals: Fracturing and leaky systems; Types of Seals
|SPG 309||Field Geology, Mapping Techniques And Report Writing||45||View Description|
Field Geology, Mapping Techniques And Report Writing Description
Comprehensive introduction to independent geological mapping and construction of geological maps; Interpret and solve geological relationships at a variety of scales, synthesize data into four-dimensional models that describe geological evolution of terrains. Hand specimen and outcrop geology description; mapping and stratigraphic analysis at a range of scales, aerial photo interpretation, remote sensing and the integration of geophysical datasets into geological mapping and interpretation. The course will draw upon the principles of structural geology and combine them with an understanding of sedimentary, igneous and metamorphic rock systems. Fieldtrips are taken to a specific region of outstanding geological interest in Kenya/ Eastern Africa that illustrate the full breadth of petroleum geoscience. Field techniques include principles of collecting accurate and precise structural data; Logging of a sedimentary sequence and analysis of the palaeoenvironment; Examination and recording of features of igneous and metamorphic rocks; Recording data on a topographical map and in a notebook; and how to write a field report. Instructed practical classes prior to the field course will include the background to sedimentology and the construction of sedimentary logs. This course will entail a 4th term (eight weeks) which shall entail theory, field data collection, research methods, analysis and report writing. Final project report will be submitted and examined.
|SPG 310||Principles And Application Of Gis||45||View Description|
Principles And Application Of Gis Description
Introduction to GIS; digital geological data; Loading GIS datasets; Collecting digital geological data; Analysis of uncertainties in data collection and interpretation. Remote sensing; the principles and applications of remote sensing; Interaction of electromagnetic radiation; use of spectral data to identify and characterize objects (rocks, soils, vegetation, water), produce thematic maps and monitor changes over time. The nature and application of specialized forms of remote sensing including radiometric data, hyperspectral, radar and thermal imagery are also considered; digital image processing: correction, enhancement and classification of the digital data and its integration with geographic information systems.
Practicals: 'hands-on' experience with the basics of digital image interpretation, processing and application to specific projects; Techniques of characterizing structures from remotely sensed data, remote sensing detection of surface hydrocarbons and collecting geological data and analysis of spatial data in GIS.
|SPG 311||Exploration Geophysics||45||View Description|
Exploration Geophysics Description
Geophysical methods of exploration; Role of geophysics in understanding the internal structure of the earth and plate tectonics. Basic theory of the seismic methods. Elastic wave equation and solution. Introduction to seismic methods, field practice, data processing, interpretation and case histories. Concept of digital signal analysis with emphasis on application of seismic exploration. Exposure to modern imagery techniques used in seismic and airborne geophysics. Earth’s gravity field, origin, variation with elevation and depth, temporal and transient variations, international gravity formula, geoid, spheroid. Principle of gravity exploration. The earth’s magnetic field, principle of magnetic method, origin of anomalies, induced and remnant magnetizations; magnetometers, proton precession and fluxgate; plan of magnetic surveys, reduction of data; anomaly maps, identification of structures; familiarization of magnetic anomalies over spheres, sheets and dykes; interpretation of magnetic anomalies of sheets and dykes. Airborne magnetometry, plan of surveying and presentation of results. Electrical resistivity method; resistivity of rocks; Electromagnetic method. Time domain and continuous wave method of electromagnetic prospecting.
|SPG 312:||Petroleum Exploration Geochemistry||45||View Description|
Petroleum Exploration Geochemistry Description
Diagenesis in sedimentary basins, and consequences for exploration; Rock, regolith and hydrologic sampling techniques and analytical methods; Production and Composition of Organic Matter i.e. catagenesis & metagenesis (generation of oil and gas) and petroleum alteration as an introduction; evaluation of source rock (the different techniques) - simple pyrolysis; basin modeling (geochemical – burial curves, time-temperature index analysis etc) and biomarker analysis; Geological requirements for hydrocarbon accumulation; Origin of hydrocarbons: source rocks; kerogen types; thermal maturation and hydrocarbon generation; oil and gas types; Rock types and origins; Reserves calculations; Recovery - primary, secondary, Enhanced Oil Recovery; Production; Development drilling.
|Level : 4|
|Semester: Non Specified|
|Course Code||Course Name||Course Hours|
|SPG 401||Techniques In Geophysical Data Analysis||45||View Description|
Techniques In Geophysical Data Analysis Description
Computer programming in one or more high level languages (e.g. Fortran, C++, Delphi, etc.); Fourier analysis, power spectral estimation, linear filtering, least squares methods; statistical properties of geophysical data; interpretation, smoothing and presentation of geophysical data.
|SPG 402||Seismic Data Processing And Interpretation||45||View Description|
Seismic Data Processing And Interpretation Description
Basics of reflection seismology; Signal theory and propagation of waves; Reflection seismic acquisition; Seismic processing fundamentals and digital filtering; Seismic interpretation for structures; Reservoir aspects of seismic interpretation; Seismic stratigraphy; Modelling. Introduction - 1-D, 2-D Fourier transforms, Frequency aliasing, Geometric spreading, RMS amplitude and AGC, Basic processing sequence, Basic tools of processing. 3D processing - 3D refraction statics, Azimuthal dependence of move out velocities, 3D DMO correction, 3D velocity analysis, 3D residual static correction, 3D migration. Prerequisite SPG 311 and SPG 312.
|SPG 403||Sedimentary Basins||45||View Description|
Sedimentary Basins Description
Basin formation; Sedimentary basins in extensional rift settings; flexural basins – forelands; Basin location and crustal evolution – Cratons- Craton interior basins, Intercontinental basins, Island Arc Systems. Basin types- Interior sag basins, intercontinental orogenic basins, Rifts, grabens, half grabens, geosynclinal basins, divergent margin basins- superimposed basins. Identification of major tectonic cycles, succession of geological events, Tectonic cycles- Basin initiation, filling mechanism, Basin Reversals- Erosion- Non deposition unconformities.
|SPG 404||Basin Analysis And Modeling||45||View Description|
Basin Analysis And Modeling Description
Development of conceptual basin model based on (i) geological evolution and tectonics of the basin in time sequence in terms of deposition of sediments, non- deposition, uplift and erosion, (ii) thermal history of the basin based on heat flow (transfer) and storage, (iii) stratigraphic history in terms of seismic, sequences and chrono-stratigraphy, (iv) maturation of organic matter in source rocks, petroleum generation and migration mechanisms and path ways, and (v) accumulation and cracking of petroleum in the reservoirs;. computer aided modeling using default software such as Petrel.
|SPG 405||Well Logging Techniques||45||View Description|
Well Logging Techniques Description
Principle of wireline logging techniques and their sources of energy i.e. acoustic (similar to sound), radioactive and electric. The seven different logging techniques; mineral (petroleum) identification. Measurement while drilling – Logging while drilling – Array Sonic tool - Array Induction Log - Nuclear Magnetic Resonance log. Dipmeter: Definitions- Principle- Picking up depth differences of microresistivity logs across the dipping bed plane-Computing dip angle and strike by standard nomograms or computers –Other concepts like Formation Micro Imaging by electrical conductivity and acoustic methods. Interpretation of dipmeter logs. Electrofacies and depositional environments. Preparation of facies maps. Identification of depositional environments through electrofacies. Introduction to Borehole logging, Conventional wireline logs; data and depth matching; Interpretation of lithologies from conventional logs; interpretation of porosity and hydrocarbons.
|SPG 406||Petroleum Production And Development||45||View Description|
Petroleum Production And Development Description
Estimation of production potential of an oil well based on reservoir parameters – pay thickness-porosity-permeability and saturation; Estimation of peak production potential of the wells; Estimation of the production potential of the field based on the number of producing wells and well spacing; Preparation of annual production plans and their review; Economic balance and cost-benefit analysis in drilling and production operations; Economic evaluation of the prospect and the oil property; Present day value of the oil; property-discount rate; average annual rate of return; amortization; to investment (PI) ratio and payout time; forecasting economic scenario.
|SPG 407||Project In Petroleum Geoscience||45||View Description|
Project In Petroleum Geoscience Description
This is an independent project which provides students with the opportunity to further their knowledge in different aspects of petroleum geoscience. Students will carry out independent research on a topic guided by the Departmental staff. This project will give students a practical-oriented opportunity with an attachment component with the industry to interpret real industry data e.g. 2D and 3D seismic data, well logs, geophysical and geochemical data using computer software to generate models and technical reports. An oral presentation and final project report will be submitted and examined. Prerequisite SPG 302, 303, 309, 310, 311.
|SPG 408||Petroleum Technology||45||View Description|
Petroleum Technology Description
This course will focus on exploration phase, its development and production. It will provide the students with a strong understanding of geology and geophysics in relation to petroleum discovery and exploration/exploitation. At later stage the focus will shift towards use of the fundamentals in technology to solve geosciences related problem. Other aspects include collection of reservoir samples, performance of routine reservoir tests like productivity index, build-up test, draw down test, interference test, back pressure test, and isochronal test. Calculation of reservoir parameters like, K, Kh, Skin, flow efficiency, P.I., P*, P etc. and other PVT parameters. Significance of pressure and temperature data in hydrocarbon exploration and exploitation.
|SPG 409||Drilling And Petroleum Engineering||45||View Description|
Drilling And Petroleum Engineering Description
This course covers introductions to petroleum drilling, completions and production, reservoir mechanics, fundamentals of rock and fluid properties, composition and PVT properties of petroleum fluids; basic physical and chemical properties of petroleum reservoir fluids related to reservoir processes and production. Criteria for field development – Basic geological data for development planning. Data collection from initial wells- Discovery well – Delineation of the field limits – Volumetric estimation of in place reserves – Planning development wells based on the reservoir parameters and economic criteria – Well spacing - Final development plan – Rate of production – Oil recovery factor – Water injection – Pressure maintenance – Abandoning the field – Abandonment pressure.
|SPG 410||Petroleum Geology Of Kenya||45||View Description|
Petroleum Geology Of Kenya Description
Sedimentary basins in Kenya; Petroleum blocks and potential in Kenya; Challenges of petroleum industry in Kenya; Petroleum Laws and policies in Kenya; Preparation of bid documents for bidding blocks of exploration; International business management; Joint Ventures in petroleum exploration & exploitation; Production sharing contracts.
|SPG 411||Petroleum Prospect Evaluation, Petroleum Economics And Management||45||View Description|
Petroleum Prospect Evaluation, Petroleum Economics And Management Description
Reservoir characterization and Architecture. Evaluation of extensional, compressional and stratigraphic traps, Evaluation of seals. Reservoir engineering. Assessment of unconventional resources including oil sands and shale gas. Petroleum Economics: demand and pricing, reserves and resources classification, capital budgeting, investment decisions, concepts of economic risks/uncertainty, global institutional economies (e.g. OPEC). Fundamentals of project management, investment portfolio selection and capital rationalization, project planning techniques, project control techniques, project evaluation and appraisal, procurement and contract issues. Legal framework aspects. Cooperate and social responsibility.
|SPG 412||Environmental Impact Assessment And Monitoring||45||View Description|
Environmental Impact Assessment And Monitoring Description
Introduction to Environmental Impact Assessment, Auditing and Monitoring; Policy, Legal and Administrative Framework for EIA/EA in Kenya; Stakeholders and Public Participation in EIA/EA; Environmental Economics; Environmental Information Systems Standards; Environmental Information Systems for EIA/EA; EIA Methods; Environmental Audits; Strategic Environmental Assessment; Report Writing; EIA/EA Project Report; EIA/EA Review and Decision Making Process; Environmental Management Plan; EIA/EA Project Management; Social Impact Assessment (SIA); Industrial ecology; Occupational Health and Safety Management; Mainstreaming EIA/EA in Organizations: Opportunities and Challenges; Multilateral Environmental Treaties, protocols and Agreements; EIA Case Studies; EA Case Studies; Site Visits and Practicals.
No Documents saved