Dr. Josphat Mulwa Latest Appointment
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Date and time: 
Thu, 2016-03-31 11:59

Dr. Josphat Mulwa of the Department of Geology, University of Nairobi, was nominated as a facilitator during the On-site Inspection Regional Introductory Course for the African Region held at Arniston, Western Cape in the Republic of South Africa from 9-18 April 2016.


The Comprehensive Nuclear Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT) prohibits all nuclear weapon test explosions in any environment, and is the culmination of over forty years of effort. Preparations for the effective implementation of the CTBT are undertaken by the Preparatory Commission for the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization, an international organization established by the States Signatories to the Treaty on 19th November 1996. Upon signing the CTBT, a state becomes a member of the Commission.

Each member state is charged with the following basic obligations:

  1. Each state party undertakes not to carry out any nuclear weapon test explosion or any other nuclear explosion, and to prohibit and prevent any such nuclear explosion at any place under its jurisdiction or control.
  2. Each state party undertakes, furthermore, to refrain from causing, encouraging, or in any way participating in the carrying out of any nuclear weapon test explosion or any other nuclear explosion.

In order for each member state to meet these obligations as well as to verify compliance to CTBT by the member states, a verification regime shall be established consisting of the following elements:- (i) International monitoring system (IMS), (ii) Consultation and clarification, (iii) On-site inspections, and (iv) Confidence building measures. At entry into force of this Treaty, the verification regime shall be capable of meeting the verification requirements of this Treaty.

On-site Inspection verification regime

The sole purpose of an on-site inspection shall be to clarify whether a nuclear weapon test explosion or any other nuclear explosion has been carried out and, to the extent possible, to gather any facts which might assist in identifying any possible violator.

On-site inspections are a complicated procedure since:- (i) they can only be undertaken once the Treaty enters into force, and (ii) there are no standing Inspectorate (inspectors and inspection assistants nominated by States Parties and the Director-General). The Cmprehensive Nuclear Test-Ban Treaty Organisation (CTBTO), herein referred to as the Preparatory Commission, main task is therefore the training of a pool of inspectors nominated by member states.

In Kenya, Dr Josphat Mulwa has undergone through a four year rigorous training programme which culminated with the Integrated Field Exercise 2014 (IFE14) held in November/December of 2014 in Jordan. The aim of the exercise was test the capability of the Inspectors in successfully undertaking an on-site inspection and the readiness of the Commission to conduct on-site inspections once the treaty enters into force.

Regional training programmes on On-site inspection have been organized by the Commission and for the African region, such training programme took place from 9-18 April 2016 Arniston, Western Cape in the Republic of South Africa. During this OSI regional training, Dr Josphat Kyalo Mulwa of the Department of Geology was a facilitator having been nominated based on his training and expertise as an Inspector in On-site inspection.  

Expiry Date: 
Tue, 2019-12-31 11:59
Contact Person: 

Dr. Josphat Mulwa, Department of Geology